Isaiah 2:6-4:1 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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The Day of the Lord
Comments for Study 2

Isaiah 2:6-4:1
Memory Verse: 17

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I. The Day of the Lord (2:6-22)

Isaiah's vision of the temple

* See a Lithograph of Isaiah by Providence Lithograph Company to the right.

>1. What was the spiritual condition of Judah? (6, 8)

* Isaiah 2:6 "You have abandoned your people, the house of Jacob. They are full of superstitions from the East; they practice divination like the Philistines and clasp hands with pagans."

* Isaiah 2:8 "Their land is full of idols; they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their fingers have made."

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>What was the financial condition? (7)

* Isaiah 2:7 "Their land is full of silver and gold; there is no end to their treasures. Their land is full of horses; there is no end to their chariots."

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>What had the Lord told them before they entered the land? (Deut. 7:5-6)

* Deuteronomy 7:5-6 "This is what you are to do to them: Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones, cut down their Asherah poles and burn their idols in the fire. For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession."

* Proverbs 30:7-9 "Two things I ask of you, O LORD; do not refuse me before I die: Keep falsehood and lies far from me; give me neither poverty nor riches, but give me only my daily bread. Otherwise, I may have too much and disown you and say, 'Who is the LORD?' Or I may become poor and steal, and so dishonor the name of my God."

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>2. What did the Lord tell his stubbornly sinful people? (9-10)

* Isaiah 2:9-10 "So man will be brought low and mankind humbled-- do not forgive them. Go into the rocks, hide in the ground from dread of the LORD and the splendor of his majesty!"

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>And the proud? (11-16)

* Isaiah 2:11-16 "The eyes of the arrogant man will be humbled and the pride of men brought low; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day. 12 The LORD Almighty has a day in store for all the proud and lofty, for all that is exalted (and they will be humbled), 13 for all the cedars of Lebanon, tall and lofty, and all the oaks of Bashan, 14 for all the towering mountains and all the high hills, 15 for every lofty tower and every fortified wall, 16 for every trading ship and every stately vessel."

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>3. When does verses 17 and 18 foretell?

* Isaiah 2:17-18 "The arrogance of man will be brought low and the pride of men humbled; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day, and the idols will totally disappear."

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>What does the Lord repeat twice? (19, 21)

* Isaiah 2:19 "Men will flee to caves in the rocks and to holes in the ground from dread of the LORD and the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth."

* Isaiah 2:21 "They will flee to caverns in the rocks and to the overhanging crags from dread of the LORD and the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth."

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>What will they realize is useless? (20)

* Isaiah 2:20 "In that day men will throw away to the rodents and bats their idols of silver and idols of gold, which they made to worship."

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>What admonition is given in verse 22?

* Isaiah 2:22 "Stop trusting in man, who has but a breath in his nostrils. Of what account is he?"

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II. Judgement Against Judah and Jerusalem (3:1-12)

>4. What did the Lord Almighty say he was going to take away from Judah? (1-3)

* Isaiah 3:1-3 "See now, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, is about to take from Jerusalem and Judah both supply and support: all supplies of food and all supplies of water, 2 the hero and warrior, the judge and prophet, the soothsayer and elder, 3 the captain of fifty and man of rank, the counselor, skilled craftsman and clever enchanter."

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>What will happen to their leadership? (4-5, 12)

* Isaiah 3:4-5 "I will make boys their officials; mere children will govern them. People will oppress each other-- man against man, neighbor against neighbor. The young will rise up against the old, the base against the honorable."

* Isaiah 3:12 "Youths oppress my people, women rule over them. O my people, your guides lead you astray; they turn you from the path."

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>What foolish way will leaders be appointed? (6)

* Isaiah 3:6 "A man will seize one of his brothers at his father's home, and say, "You have a cloak, you be our leader; take charge of this heap of ruins!"

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>Are such people able to lead? (7)

* Isaiah 3:7 "But in that day he will cry out, "I have no remedy. I have no food or clothing in my house; do not make me the leader of the people."

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>5. What was about to happen to Judah? (8)

* Isaiah 3:8 "Jerusalem staggers, Judah is falling; their words and deeds are against the LORD, defying his glorious presence."

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>Why? (9)

* Isaiah 3:9 "The look on their faces testifies against them; they parade their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to them! They have brought disaster upon themselves."

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>What was the sin of Sodom? (Gen. 13:13, 18:20-21, 19:3-5)

* Genesis 13:13 "Now the men of Sodom were wicked and were sinning greatly against the LORD."

* Genesis 18:20-21 "Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know."

* Genesis 19:3-5 "But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom--both young and old--surrounded the house. They called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them."

* God destroyed Sodom as an example to Abraham to what happens to the ungodly. 2 Peter 2:6-8 says, "if he condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah by burning them to ashes, and made them an example of what is going to happen to the ungodly; and if he rescued Lot, a righteous man, who was distressed by the filthy lives of lawless men (for that righteous man, living among them day after day, was tormented in his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he saw and heard)--"

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>6. What does the Lord promise the righteous? (10)

* Isaiah 3:10 "Tell the righteous it will be well with them, for they will enjoy the fruit of their deeds."

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>And the wicked? (11)

* Isaiah 3:11 "Woe to the wicked! Disaster is upon them! They will be paid back for what their hands have done."

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>Did Jesus say the same? (Matt. 13:41-43, 47-50, 25:45-46; Luke 14:13-14)

* Matthew 13:41-43 "The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. They will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear."

* Matthew 13:47-50 "Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds of fish. When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. Then they sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the bad away. This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."

* Matthew 25:45-46 "He will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.' Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life."

* Luke 14:13-14 "But when you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind, and you will be blessed. Although they cannot repay you, you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous."

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III. Judgement Against the Women of Zion (3:13-4:1)

>7. What scene is given? (3:13-14a)

* Isaiah 3:13-14a "The LORD takes his place in court; he rises to judge the people. The LORD enters into judgment against the elders and leaders of his people:"

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>What is the accusation? (14b-15)

* Isaiah 3:14b-15 "It is you who have ruined my vineyard; the plunder from the poor is in your houses. What do you mean by crushing my people and grinding the faces of the poor?" declares the Lord, the LORD Almighty.

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>8. What was the evidence against of the women of Zion? (16)

* Isaiah 3:16 "The LORD says, "The women of Zion are haughty, walking along with outstretched necks, flirting with their eyes, tripping along with mincing steps, with ornaments jingling on their ankles."

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>What will be the punishment? (17)

* Isaiah 3:17 Therefore the Lord will bring sores on the heads of the women of Zion; the LORD will make their scalps bald."

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>9. When the judgment against the women come what will they lose? (18-23)

* Isaiah 3:18-23 "In that day the Lord will snatch away their finery: the bangles and headbands and crescent necklaces, the earrings and bracelets and veils, the headdresses and ankle chains and sashes, the perfume bottles and charms, the signet rings and nose rings, the fine robes and the capes and cloaks, the purses and mirrors, and the linen garments and tiaras and shawls."

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>How will their lives be reversed? (24)

* Isaiah 3:24 "Instead of fragrance there will be a stench; instead of a sash, a rope; instead of well-dressed hair, baldness; instead of fine clothing, sackcloth; instead of beauty, branding."

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>How desperate will they be? (4:1)

* Isaiah 4:1 "In that day seven women will take hold of one man and say, "We will eat our own food and provide our own clothes; only let us be called by your name. Take away our disgrace!"

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>10. Will the men they rely on be able to save them? (25)

* Isaiah 3:25 "Your men will fall by the sword, your warriors in battle."

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>How desolate will Zion be? (26)

* Isaiah 3:26 "The gates of Zion will lament and mourn; destitute, she will sit on the ground."

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>When was this fulfilled? (2 Kings 24:2; and 2 Chronicles 36:15-21)

* 2 Kings 24:2 "The LORD sent Babylonian, Aramean, Moabite and Ammonite raiders against him. He sent them to destroy Judah, in accordance with the word of the LORD proclaimed by his servants the prophets."

* 2 Chronicles 36:15-21 "The LORD, the God of their fathers, sent word to them through his messengers again and again, because he had pity on his people and on his dwelling place. But they mocked God's messengers, despised his words and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of the LORD was aroused against his people and there was no remedy. He brought up against them the king of the Babylonians, who killed their young men with the sword in the sanctuary, and spared neither young man nor young woman, old man or aged. God handed all of them over to Nebuchadnezzar. He carried to Babylon all the articles from the temple of God, both large and small, and the treasures of the LORD's temple and the treasures of the king and his officials. They set fire to God's temple and broke down the wall of Jerusalem; they burned all the palaces and destroyed everything of value there. He carried into exile to Babylon the remnant, who escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and his sons until the kingdom of Persia came to power. The land enjoyed its sabbath rests; all the time of its desolation it rested, until the seventy years were completed in fulfillment of the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah."

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