Jeremiah 16:1-17:18 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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I Will Teach Them
Comments for Study 14

Jeremiah 16:1-17:18
Memory Verse: 16:15

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I. Do Not Marry Jeremiah (16:1-13)

>1. What heart breaking personal message did the Lord give Jeremiah? (1-2)

* Jeremiah 16:1-2 "Then the word of the LORD came to me: "You must not marry and have sons or daughters in this place."

* The time frame is sometime from the start in Jeremiah's ministry (627 B.C.) and Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem (606 B.C.; Daniel 1:1) and its fall (605 B.C.). Egypt defeated Judah and Josiah, King of Judah in 605 B.C. with Josiah dieing during the battle. It is possible that Jeremiah received this message shortly after Josiah's death.

* Chapters 1 to 20 are for the most part in chronological order, the rest of the book is arranged by subject matter.

* "Then the word of the LORD came to me" -A new break in time and message from the previous chapter.

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>How will this short term pain save him from greater pain in the future?

* Jeremiah 16:3-4 "For this is what the LORD says about the sons and daughters born in this land and about the women who are their mothers and the men who are their fathers: "They will die of deadly diseases. They will not be mourned or buried but will be like refuse lying on the ground. They will perish by sword and famine, and their dead bodies will become food for the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth."

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>What can we learn about some of the Lord's direction in our own life? (Romans 5:3-5, 8:18; and 2 Corinthians 1:3-5)

* Romans 5:3-5 "Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance, character; and character, hope. And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us."

* Romans 8:18 "I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us."

* 2 Corinthians 1:3-5 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of compassion and the God of all comfort, who comforts us in all our troubles, so that we can comfort those in any trouble with the comfort we ourselves have received from God. For just as the sufferings of Christ flow over into our lives, so also through Christ our comfort overflows."

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>2. Was Jeremiah permitted to attend all funeral meals?

* Jeremiah 16:5-7 "For this is what the LORD says: "Do not enter a house where there is a funeral meal; do not go to mourn or show sympathy, because I have withdrawn my blessing, my love and my pity from this people," declares the LORD. "Both high and low will die in this land. They will not be buried or mourned, and no one will cut himself or shave his head for them. No one will offer food to comfort those who mourn for the dead--not even for a father or a mother--nor will anyone give them a drink to console them."

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>Or a celebration?

* Jeremiah 16:8-9 "And do not enter a house where there is feasting and sit down to eat and drink. For this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: Before your eyes and in your days I will bring an end to the sounds of joy and gladness and to the voices of bride and bridegroom in this place."

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>Would Jeremiah see the fulfillment of these prophecies in his lifetime?

* "Before your eyes and in your days I will bring an end to the sounds of joy and gladness"

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>3. What did the people believe about themselves? (10)

* Jeremiah 16:10 "When you tell these people all this and they ask you, 'Why has the LORD decreed such a great disaster against us? What wrong have we done? What sin have we committed against the LORD our God?'"

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>What was the reality?

* Jeremiah 16:11-13 "then say to them, 'It is because your fathers forsook me,' declares the LORD, 'and followed other gods and served and worshiped them. They forsook me and did not keep my law. But you have behaved more wickedly than your fathers. See how each of you is following the stubbornness of his evil heart instead of obeying me. So I will throw you out of this land into a land neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you will serve other gods day and night, for I will show you no favor.'"

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>What did Jesus have to say about such people in his time? (John 6:41-59)

* John 6:41-59 "At this the Jews began to grumble about him because he said, "I am the bread that came down from heaven." They said, "Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, 'I came down from heaven'?" "Stop grumbling among yourselves," Jesus answered. "No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets: 'They will all be taught by God.' Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him comes to me. No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father. I tell you the truth, he who believes has everlasting life. I am the bread of life. Your forefathers ate the manna in the desert, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which a man may eat and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world." Then the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves, "How can this man give us his flesh to eat?" Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him. Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever." He said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum."

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II. I Will Teach Them (16:14-27)

>4. What message of hope was given Judah? (14-15)

* Jeremiah 16:14-15 "However, the days are coming," declares the LORD, "when men will no longer say, 'As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of Egypt,' but they will say, 'As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of the land of the north and out of all the countries where he had banished them.' For I will restore them to the land I gave their forefathers."

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>Will Judah be able to escape from being taken to the north? (16)

* Jeremiah 16:16 "But now I will send for many fishermen," declares the LORD, "and they will catch them. After that I will send for many hunters, and they will hunt them down on every mountain and hill and from the crevices of the rocks."

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>Why? (17-18)

* Jeremiah 16:17-18 "My eyes are on all their ways; they are not hidden from me, nor is their sin concealed from my eyes. I will repay them double for their wickedness and their sin, because they have defiled my land with the lifeless forms of their vile images and have filled my inheritance with their detestable idols."

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>5. What does Jeremiah look forward to? (19-20)

* Jeremiah 16:19-20 "O LORD, my strength and my fortress, my refuge in time of distress, to you the nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, "Our fathers possessed nothing but false gods, worthless idols that did them no good. Do men make their own gods? Yes, but they are not gods!"

* "LORD"

* "my strength and my fortress"

* "my refuge in time of distress"

* "to you the nations will come from the ends of the earth"

* "Our fathers possessed nothing but false gods"

>Who will teach the nations?

* Jeremiah 16:21 "Therefore I will teach them-- this time I will teach them my power and might. Then they will know that my name is the LORD."

* "Therefore I will teach them

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>How did Jesus fulfill this as the Messiah? (Luke 2:28-32; Matthew 8:10-11; Acts 1:8, 9:15)

* Luke 2:28-32 "Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying: "Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel."

* Matthew 8:10-11 "When Jesus heard this, he was astonished and said to those following him, "I tell you the truth, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith. I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven."

* Acts 1:8 "But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth."

* Acts 9:15 "But the Lord said to Ananias, "Go! This man is my chosen instrument to carry my name before the Gentiles and their kings and before the people of Israel."

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III. Deceitful Hearts (17:1-18)

>6. Why would Judah lose all that the Lord gave them? (1-4)

* Jeremiah 17:1-4 "Judah's sin is engraved with an iron tool, inscribed with a flint point, on the tablets of their hearts and on the horns of their altars. Even their children remember their altars and Asherah poles beside the spreading trees and on the high hills. My mountain in the land and your wealth and all your treasures I will give away as plunder, together with your high places, because of sin throughout your country. Through your own fault you will lose the inheritance I gave you. I will enslave you to your enemies in a land you do not know, for you have kindled my anger, and it will burn forever."

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>Does this mean that everyone who loses something or someone does so because of their sin? (John 9:1-5)

* John 9:1-5 "As he went along, he saw a man blind from birth. His disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?" "Neither this man nor his parents sinned," said Jesus, "but this happened so that the work of God might be displayed in his life. As long as it is day, we must do the work of him who sent me. Night is coming, when no one can work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world."

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>7. What does it mean to trust in man? (5-6)

* Jeremiah 17:5-6 "This is what the LORD says: "Cursed is the one who trusts in man, who depends on flesh for his strength and whose heart turns away from the LORD. He will be like a bush in the wastelands; he will not see prosperity when it comes. He will dwell in the parched places of the desert, in a salt land where no one lives."

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>Does this include ourselves? (9)

* Jeremiah 17:9 "The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?"

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>What does it mean to trust in the Lord? (7-8)

* Jeremiah 17:7-8 "But blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD, whose confidence is in him. He will be like a tree planted by the water that sends out its roots by the stream. It does not fear when heat comes; its leaves are always green. It has no worries in a year of drought and never fails to bear fruit."

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>8. What does the Lord do to everybody? (10)

* Jeremiah 17:10 "I the LORD search the heart and examine the mind, to reward a man according to his conduct, according to what his deeds deserve."

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>From where does the Lord examine our hearts? (12)

* Jeremiah 17:12 "A glorious throne, exalted from the beginning, is the place of our sanctuary."

* Hebrews 9:24 "For Christ did not enter a man-made sanctuary that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God's presence."

* Jeremiah 20:12 "O LORD Almighty, you who examine the righteous and probe the heart and mind, let me see your vengeance upon them, for to you I have committed my cause."

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>What does it mean to forsake the Lord? (11, 13)

* Jeremiah 17:11 "Like a partridge that hatches eggs it did not lay is the man who gains riches by unjust means. When his life is half gone, they will desert him, and in the end he will prove to be a fool."

* Jeremiah 17:13 "O LORD, the hope of Israel, all who forsake you will be put to shame. Those who turn away from you will be written in the dust because they have forsaken the LORD, the spring of living water."

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Living Water

>How is Jesus the spring of living water? (Zechariah 14:8; Jeremiah 2:13; John 4:10, 7:37-39)

* Zechariah 14:8 "On that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half to the eastern sea and half to the western sea, in summer and in winter."

* Jeremiah 2:13 "My people have committed two sins: They have forsaken me, the spring of living water, and have dug their own cisterns, broken cisterns that cannot hold water."

* John 4:10 "Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water."

* John 7:37-39 "On the last and greatest day of the Feast, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him." By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified."

* "living water" -Jesus is living water the source of man's life; though some state that this will also be a literal a river. (Ezekiel 47:1-12)

* Psalm 46:4, 65:9; Isaiah 8:6; Jeremiah 2:13; Ezekiel 47:1-12; Joel 3:18; John 4:10-14, 7:38; Revelation 22:1-2

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>Is there hope? (14; Luke 19:9-10)

* Jeremiah 17:14 "Heal me, O LORD, and I will be healed; save me and I will be saved, for you are the one I praise."

* Luke 19:9-10 "Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost."

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>9. How were Jeremiah's critics mocking him? (15)

* Jeremiah 17:15 "They keep saying to me, "Where is the word of the LORD? Let it now be fulfilled!"

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>Did they cause him to shy away from his calling? (16)

* Jeremiah 17:16 "I have not run away from being your shepherd; you know I have not desired the day of despair. What passes my lips is open before you."

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>Did they cause him to shy away from his calling? (16)

* Jeremiah 17:17-18 "Do not be a terror to me; you are my refuge in the day of disaster. Let my persecutors be put to shame, but keep me from shame; let them be terrified, but keep me from terror. Bring on them the day of disaster; destroy them with double destruction."

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>What can we learn about engaging in the gospel work? (Luke 21:12-19)

* Luke 21:12-19 "But before all this, they will lay hands on you and persecute you. They will deliver you to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors, and all on account of my name. This will result in your being witnesses to them. But make up your mind not to worry beforehand how you will defend yourselves. For I will give you words and wisdom that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict. You will be betrayed even by parents, brothers, relatives and friends, and they will put some of you to death. All men will hate you because of me. But not a hair of your head will perish. By standing firm you will gain life."

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