He Who Come in the Name of the Lord
Comments for Study 20
Memory Verse: 9B
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I. "Jesus, Son of David..." (10:46-52)
>1. As Jesus travelled, whom did he pass by? (46)
* Mark 10:46 "Then they came to Jericho. As Jesus and his disciples, together with a large crowd, were leaving the city, a blind man, Bartimaeus (that is, the Son of Timaeus), was sitting by the roadside begging."
* "Jericho" -Around ten miles north east of Jerusalem. Jericho was on the main from from Galilee to Jerusalem.
* "together with a large crowd" -These were pilgrims from Galilee. The direct route from Galilee was through Samaria, but the Jews did not go into Samaria due to racial pride.
* "a blind man" -Jesus had healed many blind people
* "Bartimaeus (that is, the Son of Timaeus)" -He was obviously known to the apostles after Jesus' ascension. He must had become a member of the first church.
* "was sitting by the roadside begging" -With so many travelers on the road many must have lined this heavily travelled road.
>When he heard Jesus was passing by, what did he do? (47)
* Mark 10:47 "When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!""
* "When he heard that" -the large amount of people with Jesus must have been noisy. People would have been saying Jesus' name too.
* "Jesus of Nazareth" -Jesus (Yeshua in Hebrew) was somewhat of a common Jewish name. Adding of Nazareth (by the crowd) distinguished him from other Jesus'.
* "he began to shout" -To become heard over the crowd. He could not get up and run. Shouting was all he could do to get Jesus' attention.
>What does "Son of David" mean? (2 Sam. 7:12,13; Isa. 11:1-3; Mat. 1:1)
* 2 Samuel 7:12-13 "When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever."
* Isaiah 11:1-3 "A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him--the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD--and he will delight in the fear of the LORD. He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears;"
* Matthew 1:1 "A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham:"
* Jeremiah 23:5-6 ""The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land. In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety. This is the name by which he will be called: The LORD Our Righteousness."
* Ezekiel 34:23-24 "I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd. I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David will be prince among them. I the LORD have spoken."
>2. What kind of faith did the man display? (48, 50, 51b)
* Mark 10:48 "Many rebuked him and told him to be quiet, but he shouted all the more, "Son of David, have mercy on me!"
* Mark 10:50 "Throwing his cloak aside, he jumped to his feet and came to Jesus."
* Mark 10:51 ""What do you want me to do for you?" Jesus asked him. The blind man said, "Rabbi, I want to see.""
>How did Jesus bless the man's faith? (52)
* Mark 10:52 ""Go," said Jesus, "your faith has healed you." Immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus along the road."
* "your faith has healed you" -Jesus rewards faith. Faith to seek him no matter what people say. Faith to know that Jesus is the Son of David, the promised Messiah. Faith to overcome obstacles. Faith in Jesus' love and compassion.
* "Go" -why go? Only Jesus and the blind man understand this command.
* "followed Jesus along the road" -He did not want to leave Jesus.
II. Jesus' Triumphal Entry (11:1-1-0)
>3. Where are Bethphage and Bethany in relation to Jerusalem?
* Mark 11:1 "As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples,"
* "Bethphage" -Means house of unripe figs.
* "Bethany" -Means house of unripe dates. These villages are two miles southeast of Jerusalem and on the eastern slop of the Mount of Olives. (John 11:18) These two villages are on a different road into Jerusalem than Jericho. So either Jesus went to Jerusalem, but did not enter it and then went out to these two villages; or most likely this entry was on a different day than the previous event. I mean that he can into Jerusalem from Galilee on the Jericho road one day and then left at the end of the day to an area beyond these two towns and then entered Jerusalem again on a different day (this account). John 10:40; 11:1-2, 6, 54; and 12;1, 12 agree with the latter.
* These towns were a place of lodging during the holy days for many pilgrims going to worship at Jerusalem.
* Jesus lodged at Martha's, Mary's and Lazarus' house which was in Bethany. (John 12:1-2, Luke 22:37-44, 4:44).
>As Jesus approached Jerusalem, what errand did he give two of his disciples? (2)
* Mark 11:2 "saying to them, "Go to the village ahead of you, and just as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here."
>4. What might have been difficult about this?
* They were not the owner of the colts. They weren't to ask permission when taking it.
* Common sense told them this was silly because how did Jesus knew the donkey was there.
* Jesus teaching seemed contradictory to this act.
* Humanly and morally it was wrong.
* It took faith in Jesus' goodness and wisdom.
>How did Jesus tell them to answer if anyone questioned what they were doing?
* Mark 11:3 "If anyone asks you, 'Why are you doing this?' tell him, 'The Lord needs it and will send it back here shortly.'""
* "Lord" -Jesus referred to himself in the name given to Moses and the Israelites before they left slavery in Egypt.
>Why did the Lord need the donkey?
* To fulfill scripture. (Zechariah 9:9, Psalms 118:26)
* To display the nature of Jesus' ministry.
>5. How did the disciples respond to Jesus' command?
* Mark 11:4-6 "They went and found a colt outside in the street, tied at a doorway. As they untied it, some people standing there asked, "What are you doing, untying that colt?" They answered as Jesus had told them to, and the people let them go."
>What does this event reveal about Jesus?
* He knows everything. He knew where the donkey was without being there. He knew what to say when the disciples were to be asked.
* Jesus wants to display the nature of his ministry.
* Jesus wants to fulfill the word of God.
* Jesus obeyed the word of God.
* Jesus was announcing that he was Israel's and Judah's king. He wanted to be their king. It was a legitimate claim. If they would have accepted him he would have become their king. However, the religious leaders did not want him to be their king. John 11:45-53 makes this very clear. Jesus does not force his kingship onto his people. He will come as king when they cry out, "Please come and be our king." Jesus is waiting for them to say that. When they do, he will come again.
>What can we learn from the disciples' obedience?
* We can learn to overcome our human ideas, morals, and limitations by faith in Jesus and his words.
* God blesses those who obey.
* God takes care of those who obey.
>From the owner of the colt?
* To view things not as our own, but as the Lord's. (Job 1:13-22)
* To believe that God will give back everything we give and more.
>6. Describe Jesus' entrance into Jerusalem.
* Mark 11:7-10 "When they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks over it, he sat on it. Many people spread their cloaks on the road, while others spread branches they had cut in the fields. Those who went ahead and those who followed shouted, "Hosanna!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David!" "Hosanna in the highest!"
* This was spontaneous.
* Glorious and joyful.
>What can we learn about the nature of Jesus' messianic kingdom?
* It is humble. He could have ridden on a stallion.
* It is easily accessible. No escort nor no police nor no army protecting him. (Romans 8:21, Isaiah 11:5-9)
* It is according to God's word.
* It is of peace, which a donkey resembles in Israel's history.
* It is gentle.
>What does he teach by entering Jerusalem in this way? (1 Kings 1:28-40; Zech. 9:9)
* David's sons road on a donkey when anointed king.
* Zech 9:9 "Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey."
>Why is this called, "the triumphal entry?"
* He was soon to conquer our sins and death.
>7. What does "Hosanna!" mean?
* Hosanna is a Hebrew expression meaning "Save!" which became an exclamation of praise.
>What is the significance of their shouting, "Hosanna!"?
* Most did it out of excitement over Jesus. Many had come to believe that he was the Messiah and they believed that he would now establish his kingdom, the kingdom of David. They expected Jesus to chase the Roman's out of Jerusalem.
III. Jesus Clears the Temple (11:1-19)
>8. What did Jesus do first upon entering Jerusalem?
* Mark 11:11 "Jesus entered Jerusalem and went to the temple. He looked around at everything, but since it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve."
>What do you think he thought about what he saw?
* "Jesus entered Jerusalem and went to the temple"-the first thing he did in Jerusalem was to go the heart, the temple. Jesus had been in Jerusalem before. He did not overturn the tables every time. He waited for the right time to do this. After coming into Jerusalem announcing his kingship by riding on a donkey he did his first act as king. Immediately the leaders showed their rejection of his authority.
* "He looked around at everything" -He saw the people and the trading that was taking place. In general it was not a good environment to pray.
* "but since it was already late" -Jesus had already decided what he was going to do.
>What did he do then? (11)
* He went out to Bethany with the Twelve.
>9. Why was Jesus disappointed in the fig tree?
* Mark 11:12-14 "The next day as they were leaving Bethany, Jesus was hungry. Seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to find out if it had any fruit. When he reached it, he found nothing but leaves, because it was not the season for figs. Then he said to the tree, "May no one ever eat fruit from you again." And his disciples heard him say it."
* Fig trees around Jerusalem normally begin to get leaves in march or April, but do not produce figs untill their leaves are all out in June. This tree was an exception in that it was already with leaves. Passover is in the early spring. A fig tree full of leaves should have fruit. This one did not.
* Hosea 9:10 and Nahum 3:12 are just two verses that speak of Israel being a fig tree.
>How was it like the temple?
* They were beautiful and were suppose to bear fruit but it didn't have any. (Isa 5:2)
>In what respect is every person's life like a fruit tree?
* We can bear fruit. (John 15:8,16)
* God wants us to bear fruit. God expects, even demands that we bear fruit. He wants fruit, not leaves.
>10. What did Jesus do when he went into the temple? (15,16)
* Mark 11:15,16 "On reaching Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple area and began driving out those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves,"
>Why was he so angry?
* Mark 11:17 "And as he taught them, he said, "Is it not written: "'My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations'? But you have made it 'a den of robbers.'""
* Jeremiah 7:11
* Jesus was not passive nor meek here.
* No prayer for all nations. No meaningful worship. Religion while rejecting the object of religion, Jesus.
>What did he teach about the purpose of the temple?
* "My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations."
* All churches are to be like this.
>What did the temple's condition teach about the spiritual condition of God's people?
* They were commercialized and materialistic instead of being spiritual and prayerful.
>How can we apply Jesus' teaching to our lives? (1 Cor. 3:16)
* 1 Corinthians 3:16 "Don't you know that you yourselves are God's temple and that God's Spirit lives in you?"
>11. How did the religious leaders respond?
* Mark 11:18-19 "The chief priests and the teachers of the law heard this and began looking for a way to kill him, for they feared him, because the whole crowd was amazed at his teaching. When evening came, they went out of the city."
* People of the world won't understand and will reject us too.
>What does this show about them?
* They were selfish.
* "heard this" -They did not feel Jesus had authority higher than theirs so they were offended. They were concerned about their position and who was under them and over them in authority, not about spiritual things. When they looked at people one of the first things that they thought was, "What is this persons position in relation to me."
* "began looking for a way to kill him"-This is they way they got rid of enemies.
* "for they feared him" -this response is quit an amazing testimony to Jesus and them.
* "the whole crowd was amazed at his teaching" -They feared Jesus authority and power.
>What does this event teach about Jesus?
* Mark 11:18b-19 "...the whole crowd was amazed at his teaching. When evening came, they went out of the city."
* Jesus taught the word of God the whole day.
* Jesus did not confront the religious leaders.
>About what he likes and doesn't like?
* He is angry with false religion and people who love money, materials, and their authority over other men.
* He likes us to pray.
* He doesn't like hypocrites.
* He wants repentance, holiness, concern for others, priestly service, teaching the ways of God and the Bible.