James 5:1-20 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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Turn a Sinner From the Error of His Way
Comments for Study 5

James 5:1-20
Memory Verse: 20

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I. Hoarding Wealth in the Last Days (5:1-6)

>1. Why are the rich warned?

* James 5:1 "Now listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming upon you."

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>What happens to our wealth, sometimes even before we die? (2-3a)

* James 5:2-3a "Your wealth has rotted, and moths have eaten your clothes. Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. "

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>When is the last days? (3b)

* James 5:3b "You have hoarded wealth in the last days."

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>2. What should an employer always keep in mind? (4)

* James 5:4 "Look! The wages you failed to pay the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty."

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>What does a mind only concerned about this world consider? (5)

* James 5:5 "You have lived on earth in luxury and self-indulgence. You have fattened yourselves in the day of slaughter."

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>What's the reality that they do not consider?

* James 5:6 "You have condemned and murdered innocent men, who were not opposing you."

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>How does this reveal their heart?

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II. Until the Lord's Coming (5:7-12)

>3. How are true believers like farmers?

* James 5:7 "Be patient, then, brothers, until the Lord's coming. See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop and how patient he is for the autumn and spring rains."

* Galatians 6:9-10 "Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers."

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>When will we reap a harvest?

* "Be patient, then, brothers, until the Lord's coming"

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>4. How are patience and faith linked? (8)

* James 5:8 "You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord's coming is near."

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>5. What else should we consider when considering the Lord's soon coming? (9)

* James 5:9 "Don't grumble against each other, brothers, or you will be judged. The Judge is standing at the door!"

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>6. Who is an example of patience and how was we a prophet?

* James 5:10-11a "Brothers, as an example of patience in the face of suffering, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord. As you know, we consider blessed those who have persevered. You have heard of Job's perseverance and have seen what the Lord finally brought about."

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>When having patient faith is hard what should we remember? (11b)

* James 5:11b "The Lord is full of compassion and mercy."

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>7. Why do people swear oaths and how is that wrong and foolish? (12)

* James 5:12 "Above all, my brothers, do not swear--not by heaven or by earth or by anything else. Let your "Yes" be yes, and your "No," no, or you will be condemned."

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III. If One of You (5:13-20)

>8. How should emotions be directed towards God? (13)

* James 5:13 "Is any one of you in trouble? He should pray. Is anyone happy? Let him sing songs of praise."

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>9. What is the healthy attitude toward physical problems? (14)

* James 5:14 "Is any one of you sick? He should call the elders of the church to pray over him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord."

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>What is the meaning behind anointing with oil? (2 Cor. 1:21-22; 1 John 2:27)

* 2 Corinthians 1:21-22 "Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He anointed us, set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come."

* 1 John 2:27 "As for you, the anointing you received from him remains in you, and you do not need anyone to teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about all things and as that anointing is real, not counterfeit--just as it has taught you, remain in him."

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>Why would going to the elders and asking for anointing take faith and why does this please God? (15)

* James 5:15 "And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven."

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>When we seek God why is confession of sins so important? (16)

* James 5:16 "Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective."

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>When did the incident with Elijah in verses 17-18 take place and how is it an inspiration? (1 Kings 18:16-46)

* James 5:17-18 "Elijah was a man just like us. He prayed earnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the land for three and a half years. Again he prayed, and the heavens gave rain, and the earth produced its crops."

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>10. What does it mean to "wander from the truth"?

* James 5:19 "My brothers, if one of you should wander from the truth and someone should bring him back,"

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* "if one of you should"

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>When we see and/or hear of a fellow believer who has wondered how should we react?

* "someone should bring him back"

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>Why? (20)

* James 5:20 "remember this: Whoever turns a sinner from the error of his way will save him from death and cover over a multitude of sins."

* "Whoever turns a sinner from the error of his way"

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>What does "cover over a multitude of sins" considering that this is refering to a fellow believer?

* "cover over a multitude of sins"

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