2 Kings 20:1-21 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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A Miracle and a Poor Decision
Comments for Study 13

2 Kings 20:1-21
Memory Verse: 11

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I. The Shadow Goes Forward Ten Steps (20:1-11)

>1. What did the Lord tell Hezekiah about an illness he had? (1)

* 2 Kings 20:1 "In those days Hezekiah became ill and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz went to him and said, "This is what the LORD says: Put your house in order, because you are going to die; you will not recover."

* 2 Chronicles 32:24-33 and Isaiah 38 also records Hezekiah's illness.

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>What did he pray? (2-3)

* 2 Kings 20:2-3 "Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed to the LORD, "Remember, O LORD, how I have walked before you faithfully and with wholehearted devotion and have done what is good in your eyes." And Hezekiah wept bitterly."

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>How did this take faith?

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>2. After delivering the initial word of the Lord what did Isaiah do? (4)

* 2 Kings 20:4 "Before Isaiah had left the middle court, the word of the LORD came to him:"

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>What new word did he deliver? (5)

* 2 Kings 20:5 "Go back and tell Hezekiah, the leader of my people, 'This is what the LORD, the God of your father David, says: I have heard your prayer and seen your tears; I will heal you. On the third day from now you will go up to the temple of the LORD."

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>Why would the Lord deliver Jerusalem from Assyria? (6)

* 2 Kings 20:6 "I will add fifteen years to your life. And I will deliver you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria. I will defend this city for my sake and for the sake of my servant David.'"

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>What did the apply to Hezekiah's boil? (7)

* 2 Kings 20:7 "Then Isaiah said, "Prepare a poultice of figs." They did so and applied it to the boil, and he recovered."

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>How was Hezekiah's illness and healing similar to Jerusalem's situation?

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>3. What did Hezekiah ask from the Lord?

* 2 Kings 20:8 "Hezekiah had asked Isaiah, "What will be the sign that the LORD will heal me and that I will go up to the temple of the LORD on the third day from now?"

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>What option was given him?

* 2 Kings 20:9 "Isaiah answered, "This is the LORD's sign to you that the LORD will do what he has promised: Shall the shadow go forward ten steps, or shall it go back ten steps?"

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>Which did he chose?

* 2 Kings 20:10 "It is a simple matter for the shadow to go forward ten steps," said Hezekiah. "Rather, have it go back ten steps."

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>How are we similar to Hezekiah?

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>4. Who prayed for the sign to be fulfilled? (11)

* 2 Kings 20:11 "Then the prophet Isaiah called upon the LORD, and the LORD made the shadow go back the ten steps it had gone down on the stairway of Ahaz."

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>Why didn't Hezekiah just pray for it?

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>What can be learned about the Lord through Hezekiah's illness?

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II. Babylon Saw Judah's Riches (20:12-21)

>5. Who sent a gift to Hezekiah?

* 2 Kings 20:12 "At that time Merodach-Baladan son of Baladan king of Babylon sent Hezekiah letters and a gift, because he had heard of Hezekiah's illness."

* Isaiah 39 also records this event.

* "Merodach-Baladan" -Merodach-Baladan II (aka Marduk-Baladan, Baladan and Berodach-Baladan) means, Marduk has given me an Heir. He reigned 722-710 B.C. and 703-702 B.C. He was a Chaldean prince who usurped the Babylonian throne in 721 B.C. He was one of the kings who maintained Babylonian independence in the face of Assyrian military supremacy.

Merodach-Baladan, Babylon King

* See a carving of Merodach-Baladan, Babylon King to the right.

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>What did Hezekiah show the messengers of the gift?

* 2 Kings 20:13 "Hezekiah received the messengers and showed them all that was in his storehouses--the silver, the gold, the spices and the fine oil--his armory and everything found among his treasures. There was nothing in his palace or in all his kingdom that Hezekiah did not show them."

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>Why might he do that?

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>6. What did Isaiah ask Hezekiah? (14)

* 2 Kings 20:14 "Then Isaiah the prophet went to King Hezekiah and asked, "What did those men say, and where did they come from?" "From a distant land," Hezekiah replied. "They came from Babylon."

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>Why might he be concerned about what they saw?

* 2 Kings 20:15 "The prophet asked, "What did they see in your palace?" "They saw everything in my palace," Hezekiah said. "There is nothing among my treasures that I did not show them."

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>Why would this be his business anyway?

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>7. What was revealed about Hezekiah's descendants? (16-18)

* 2 Kings 20:16-18 "Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, "Hear the word of the LORD: 17 The time will surely come when everything in your palace, and all that your fathers have stored up until this day, will be carried off to Babylon. Nothing will be left, says the LORD. 18 And some of your descendants, your own flesh and blood, that will be born to you, will be taken away, and they will become eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon."

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>How does this expose possible true reason Babylon's king sent an envoy to Hezekiah?

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>8. What did Hezekiah think to himself?

* 2 Kings 20:19 "The word of the LORD you have spoken is good," Hezekiah replied. For he thought, "Will there not be peace and security in my lifetime?"

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>Why is it ironic that he was so concerned about his illness and not pray for the future of his children and grandchildren?

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>9. Who became king after Hezekiah?

* 2 Kings 20:20-21 "As for the other events of Hezekiah's reign, all his achievements and how he made the pool and the tunnel by which he brought water into the city, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah? Hezekiah rested with his fathers. And Manasseh his son succeeded him as king.

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>How does the fact that his son was an evil king?

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