Luke 21:1-38 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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Signs of the End of the Age
Comments for Study 36

Luke 21:1-38
Memory Verse: 8

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I. The Widows Offering (1-4)

Passion Week Events

* Luke 19:28 "After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem."

* All four gospels have Jesus' entry into Jerusalem. So this is very important.

* Jesus' final entry into Jerusalem was his official announcement to Israel that he would be their king if they would accept him as such.

* A timeline of this week is as follows.
    Friday -Jesus arrives in the Jerusalem area. (John 11:54-12:1)
    Saturday (Sabbath) -a day of rest; no event recorded except Luke 21:37-38.
    Sunday -Jesus' triumphal entry. (Matt. 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-44; John 12:12-19)
    Monday -Jesus curses the fig tree (Matt. 21:18-19; Mark 11:12-14). Jesus clears out the Temple. (Matt 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-18)
    Tuesday -Jesus' authority questioned. (Matt. 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:18) Jesus teaches in the temple. (Matt. 21:28-22:46; Mark 12:1-44; Luke 20:9-21:4) Jesus wept over Jerusalem's leader's unbelief and rejecting him as thier King. (Matthew 23:1-39) Jesus anointed at Bethany. (Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 13:3-9; John 12:2-11)
    Wednesday -another day of rest; no event recorded except Luke 21:37-38. The Jews plot to kill Jesus. (Matt. 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6)
    Thursday (Hebrew month Abib the 13th day) -the Passover meal begins at twilight (see below note) when Jesus and the disciples celebrate the Last Supper. (Matt. 26:17-29; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-20; John 13:1-18) Jesus comforts the disciples (John 14:1-16:33) Jesus prays at Gethsemane. (Matt. 26:26-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46)
    Friday (Hebrew month Abib, 14 day) -According Hebrew time Jesus is arrest and tried from night to daylight. (Matt. 26:47-27:26; Mark 14:43-15:15; Luke 22:47-23:25; John 18:2-19:16) Jesus' crucifixion at 3:00pm, and death before sunset which is the end of the Hebrew day and Passover. (Matt. 27:27-56; Mark 15:16-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:17-30) Jesus is buried at sunset. (Matt. 27:57-66; mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:31-42)
    Saturday (Sabbath Abib 15, Seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread begins) Jesus' body is in the tomb. He appears in Sheol and accompanies the saints previously dead to heaven.
    Sunday (Abib 16; day of First Fruits Sheaf Wave) Jesus' morning resurrection and appearing to the women. (Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11-18) Then he appeared to the two on the road. (Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-35) Then to the ten apostles (no Thomas or Judas) in the evening. (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25)
    Saturday (Sabbath) -Jesus appears to Thomas and the rest of the apostles. (John 20:26-31)
    A week later -Jesus talks and eats with some disciples by the Sea of Galilee. (John 21:1-25)
    Fourty days since his resurrection -Jesus ascends to his Father from the Mount of Olives. (Matt. 28:15-20; Mark 18:19-20; Luke 24:44-53; Acts 1:1-11)

* Note: The Passover is linked to the 14th days of the month not the day of the week. Passover starting on Thursday at twilight is a very rare event; unusally it starts on a different day of the week. (Hebrew days start at sunset/twilight and go thru the night till the next day's sunset.) Falling on a Thursday that year made it possible for Jesus to fulfill the meaning behind the feasts associated with the Passover. His crucified was on Friday (still Passover), the Sabbath (Saturday) rest was the Feast of Unleavened Bread (always on the first Sabbath after Passover), and Sunday was the third day since his death, the day of the First Fruit Sheaf Wave, and the day that Jesus rose from the dead. All three feasts were thus fulfilled by Jesus.

>1. What was Jesus doing?

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>What does this teach us?

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>Why do you think the rich did not impress him as much as the widow?

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II. Watch Out that You are Not Deceived (5-19)

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>2. Why were Jesus' disciples impressed by the temple?

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>How did Jesus view the temple in a different way than the disciples?

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>What appalling future state and destiny did Jesus tell them about the temple?

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>3. What two questions did the disciples ask Jesus?

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>Why did the destruction of the temple seem to imply the end of the age?

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>4. As the end of the age approaches what is the first thing that Christians must watch out for?

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>What will the false messiahs do when they come?

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>Can you give any reference about modern-day false messiahs?

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>How can we avoid being deceived by the false messiahs?

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>5. What are some of the frightening events that will happen before Jesus' return?

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>When they happen how can we not be frightened?

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>6. How and why will Jesus' disciples be persecuted in the last days?

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>Why can times of persecution become opportunities to glorify God?

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>How can we know what to say and have courage to say it when we are persecuted?

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>7. According to verse 16, what will be the persecution that is most difficult to endure?

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>What does this teach us about our priorities?

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>What promises does Jesus give to those who are faithful to him in every circumstance?

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III. They Will See the Son of Man Coming (20-38)

>8. What did Jesus say about the indication of the destruction of Jerusalem as well about the signs of the end of the age coming to draw near?

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>Why will such great distress in the land occur from a Biblically point of view?

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>9. What are the signs that will appear in the heavens and at the time of Jesus' second coming?

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>Why will men be terrified?

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>10. Describe the coming of the Son of Man. What does his coming mean to mankind?How can we be sure it is near?

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>11. How may God's people know the imminence of the coming of the kingdom of God?

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>What should be the attitude of God's people when they are aware of the imminence of the coming kingdom?

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>What kind of preparation do we have to make so that we may not only escape all the calamities but also be ready to stand before the Son of Man joyfully?

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