Luke 22:39-62 Comments by Stephen Ricker
one tidbit at a time read & study work the soil kind & curtious be serious about books the lion king stay connected to now dig in deep CLICK TO GO TO Bible Study HOME PAGE

Jesus' Prayer and Arrest
Comments for Study 39

Luke 22:39-62
Memory Verse: 42

SORRY, THE COMMENTARY FOR THIS STUDY IS NOT FINISHED.
CLICK HERE FOR A LIST OF BOOKS THAT ARE COMPLETED.

BEFORE READING PLEASE CLICK HERE TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.
BEFORE READING PLEASE CLICK HERE TO VIEW A MAP OF JERUSALEM.

I. Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives (39-46)

Passion Week Events

* Luke 19:28 "After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem."

* All four gospels have Jesus' entry into Jerusalem. So this is very important.

* Jesus' final entry into Jerusalem was his official announcement to Israel that he would be their king if they would accept him as such.

* A timeline of this week is as follows.
    Friday -Jesus arrives in the Jerusalem area. (John 11:54-12:1)
    Saturday (Sabbath) -a day of rest; no event recorded except Luke 21:37-38.
    Sunday -Jesus' triumphal entry. (Matt. 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-44; John 12:12-19)
    Monday -Jesus curses the fig tree (Matt. 21:18-19; Mark 11:12-14). Jesus clears out the Temple. (Matt 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-18)
    Tuesday -Jesus' authority questioned. (Matt. 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:18) Jesus teaches in the temple. (Matt. 21:28-22:46; Mark 12:1-44; Luke 20:9-21:4) Jesus wept over Jerusalem's leader's unbelief and rejecting him as thier King. (Matthew 23:1-39) Jesus anointed at Bethany. (Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 13:3-9; John 12:2-11)
    Wednesday -another day of rest; no event recorded except Luke 21:37-38. The Jews plot to kill Jesus. (Matt. 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6)
    Thursday (Hebrew month Abib the 13th day) -the Passover meal begins at twilight (see below note) when Jesus and the disciples celebrate the Last Supper. (Matt. 26:17-29; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-20; John 13:1-18) Jesus comforts the disciples (John 14:1-16:33) Jesus prays at Gethsemane. (Matt. 26:26-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46)
    Friday (Hebrew month Abib, 14 day) -According Hebrew time Jesus is arrest and tried from night to daylight. (Matt. 26:47-27:26; Mark 14:43-15:15; Luke 22:47-23:25; John 18:2-19:16) Jesus' crucifixion at 3:00pm, and death before sunset which is the end of the Hebrew day and Passover. (Matt. 27:27-56; Mark 15:16-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:17-30) Jesus is buried at sunset. (Matt. 27:57-66; mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:31-42)
    Saturday (Sabbath Abib 15, Seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread begins) Jesus' body is in the tomb. He appears in Sheol and accompanies the saints previously dead to heaven.
    Sunday (Abib 16; day of First Fruits Sheaf Wave) Jesus' morning resurrection and appearing to the women. (Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11-18) Then he appeared to the two on the road. (Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-35) Then to the ten apostles (no Thomas or Judas) in the evening. (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25)
    Saturday (Sabbath) -Jesus appears to Thomas and the rest of the apostles. (John 20:26-31)
    A week later -Jesus talks and eats with some disciples by the Sea of Galilee. (John 21:1-25)
    Fourty days since his resurrection -Jesus ascends to his Father from the Mount of Olives. (Matt. 28:15-20; Mark 18:19-20; Luke 24:44-53; Acts 1:1-11)

* Note: The Passover is linked to the 14th days of the month not the day of the week. Passover starting on Thursday at twilight is a very rare event; unusally it starts on a different day of the week. (Hebrew days start at sunset/twilight and go thru the night till the next day's sunset.) Falling on a Thursday that year made it possible for Jesus to fulfill the meaning behind the feasts associated with the Passover. His crucified was on Friday (still Passover), the Sabbath (Saturday) rest was the Feast of Unleavened Bread (always on the first Sabbath after Passover), and Sunday was the third day since his death, the day of the First Fruit Sheaf Wave, and the day that Jesus rose from the dead. All three feasts were thus fulfilled by Jesus.

>1. Where did Jesus go?

* Luke 22:39 "Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him."

*

*

*

*

*

>Why? (41)

* Luke 22:41 "He withdrew about a stone's throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed,"

*

*

*

*

*

>What do the words "as usual" suggest about Jesus' prayer life?

* "as usual"

*

*

*

*

*

>2. What did he tell his disciples to do?

* Luke 22:40 "On reaching the place, he said to them, "Pray that you will not fall into temptation."

*

*

*

*

>What kind of temptation do you think they would soon face?

*

*

*

*

*

>3. What was Jesus' initial prayer request?

* Luke 22:42 "Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done."

*

*

*

*

>What did he mean by "the cup"?

*

*

*

*

*

>What does this tell us about the inner struggle he was going through?

*

*

*

*

*

>4. How did Jesus call God?

* "Father"

*

*

*

*

>What does this show about his relationship with God?

*

*

*

*

*

>What was God's will for him? (18:31-33)

* Luke 18:31-33 "Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, "We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. He will be handed over to the Gentiles. They will mock him, insult him, spit on him, flog him and kill him. On the third day he will rise again."

*

*

*

*

>What was the nature of his spiritual struggle in his prayer?

*

*

*

*

*

>5. Describe how Jesus prayed. (43-44)

* Luke 22:43-44 "An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground."

*

*

*

*

>What can you learn from him about prayer?

*

*

*

*

*

>6. What were the disciples doing while Jesus prayed?

* Luke 22:45 When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples, he found them asleep, exhausted from sorrow."

*

*

*

*

>Why?

*

*

*

*

*

>Why was it so important for them to pray instead of sleeping at this time?

* Luke 22:46 "Why are you sleeping?" he asked them. "Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation."

*

*

*

*

>What can we learn here about the necessity of prayer?

*

*

*

*

*

II. Jesus Arrested (47-53)

>7. What decision had Jesus made in prayer?

*

*

*

*

*

>How did Judas betray Jesus?

* Luke 22:47 "While he was still speaking a crowd came up, and the man who was called Judas, one of the Twelve, was leading them. He approached Jesus to kiss him,"

*

*

*

*

>How did Jesus' greeting to Judas make him aware of Jesus' identity?

* Luke 22:48 "but Jesus asked him, "Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?""

*

*

*

*

>How did it convict him of the guilt of what he was doing?

*

*

*

*

*

>9. How were Jesus' actions and attitude different from that of his disciples?

* Luke 22:49-53 "When Jesus' followers saw what was going to happen, they said, "Lord, should we strike with our swords?" 50 And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear. 51 But Jesus answered, "No more of this!" And he touched the man's ear and healed him. 52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, and the elders, who had come for him, "Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come with swords and clubs? 53 Every day I was with you in the temple courts, and you did not lay a hand on me. But this is your hour--when darkness reigns."

*

*

*

*

>Why did Jesus describe this hour as the hour "when darkness reigns"?

* "when darkness reigns"

*

*

*

*

III. Peter Disowns Jesus (54-62)

>10. What did Peter do after Jesus was arrested? (54-55)

* Luke 22:54-55 "Then seizing him, they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest. Peter followed at a distance. But when they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and had sat down together, Peter sat down with them."

*

*

*

*

>What does this suggest about Peter's attitude and spiritual condition?

*

*

*

*

>11. Who recognized Peter first?

* Luke 22:56 "A servant girl saw him seated there in the firelight. She looked closely at him and said, "This man was with him."

*

*

*

*

>Why do you think Peter denied knowing Jesus?

* Luke 22:57 "But he denied it. "Woman, I don't know him," he said."

*

*

*

*

>How did Peter deny Jesus the second and third time? (58-60)

* Luke 22:58-60 "A little later someone else saw him and said, "You also are one of them." "Man, I am not!" Peter replied. 59 About an hour later another asserted, "Certainly this fellow was with him, for he is a Galilean." 60 Peter replied, "Man, I don't know what you're talking about!" Just as he was speaking, the rooster crowed."

*

*

*

*

>12. How did Peter come back to his senses?

* Luke 22:61 "The Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word the Lord had spoken to him: "Before the rooster crows today, you will disown me three times."

*

*

*

*

>What shows Peter's deep remorse and repentance?

* Luke 22:62 "And he went outside and wept bitterly."

*

*

*

*

>Did Peter ever meet Jesus again?

*

*

*

*

*

CLICK TO GO TO Bible Study HOME PAGE


Click the house to go to the Bible Study HOME Page