Song of Solomon 2:3-3:5 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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The Second Meeting
Comments for Study 2

Song of Solomon 2:3-3:5
Memory Verse: 2:4

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I. Exchange Between Beloved and Lover (2:3-15)

>1. How does the bride compare her lover to others in verse 3?

* Song of Songs 2:3 "Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest is my lover among the young men. I delight to sit in his shade, and his fruit is sweet to my taste."

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>What is the banquet hall used for during a wedding ceremony? (4; Matthew 25:10)

* Song of Songs 2:4 "He has taken me to the banquet hall, and his banner over me is love."

* Esther 7:8 "Just as the king returned from the palace garden to the banquet hall, Haman was falling on the couch where Esther was reclining. The king exclaimed, "Will he even molest the queen while she is with me in the house?" As soon as the word left the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face."

* Daniel 5:8-10 "Then all the king's wise men came in, but they could not read the writing or tell the king what it meant. So King Belshazzar became even more terrified and his face grew more pale. His nobles were baffled. The queen, hearing the voices of the king and his nobles, came into the banquet hall. "O king, live forever!" she said. "Don't be alarmed! Don't look so pale!"

* Matthew 25:10 "But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut."

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>What does it mean "his banner over me is love"?

* "his banner over me is love"

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>2. How does her love for the bridegroom affect her being? (5)

* Song of Songs 2:5 "Strengthen me with raisins, refresh me with apples, for I am faint with love."

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>How does the personal affection expressed in verse 5 reflect back to the creation of man? (Genesis 2:7)

* Song of Songs 2:6 "His left arm is under my head, and his right arm embraces me."

* Genesis 2:7 "the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being."

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>3. How is the approach of the bridegroom similar to Jesus' second coming? (7-8; Psalm 97:1-6; Micah 1:3-4; Nahum 1:5)

* Song of Songs 2:7-8 "Daughters of Jerusalem, I charge you by the gazelles and by the does of the field: Do not arouse or awaken love until it so desires. Listen! My lover! Look! Here he comes, leaping across the mountains, bounding over the hills."

* Psalm 97:1-6 "The LORD reigns, let the earth be glad; let the distant shores rejoice. Clouds and thick darkness surround him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne. Fire goes before him and consumes his foes on every side. His lightning lights up the world; the earth sees and trembles. The mountains melt like wax before the LORD, before the Lord of all the earth. The heavens proclaim his righteousness, and all the peoples see his glory."

* Micah 1:3-4 "Look! The LORD is coming from his dwelling place; he comes down and treads the high places of the earth. The mountains melt beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like water rushing down a slope."

* Nahum 1:5 "The mountains quake before him and the hills melt away. The earth trembles at his presence, the world and all who live in it."

* Zechariah 14:4 "On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south."

* Acts 1:10-12 "They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. "Men of Galilee," they said, "why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven." Then they returned to Jerusalem from the hill called the Mount of Olives, a Sabbath day's walk from the city."

* "Daughters of Jerusalem" -The maidens who are with the bride. They are to ensure her virginity until the time of the marriage. They are the "friends" in this book. They were always with her until the marriage ceremony is consummated.

* The phrase is repeated in 2:7, 3:5, and 8:4. Because of this commentators call these breaks in the meetings, while not being breaks in the brides words. This is always spoken by the beloved and always in a context of physical intimacy with her lover.

>What does the bridegroom say to his lover when he arrives? (9-10)

* Song of Songs 2:9-10 "My lover is like a gazelle or a young stag. Look! There he stands behind our wall, gazing through the windows, peering through the lattice. My lover spoke and said to me, "Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, and come with me."

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>What will Jesus say when he arrives again? (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17)

* 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 "For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever."

* Luke 8:52-55 "Meanwhile, all the people were wailing and mourning for her. "Stop wailing," Jesus said. "She is not dead but asleep." They laughed at him, knowing that she was dead. But he took her by the hand and said, "My child, get up!" Her spirit returned, and at once she stood up. Then Jesus told them to give her something to eat."

* John 11:43-44 "When he had said this, Jesus called in a loud voice, "Lazarus, come out!" The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, "Take off the grave clothes and let him go."

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>4. What time of year was it when the bridegroom came for his lover? (11-13)

* Song of Songs 2:11-13 "See! The winter is past; the rains are over and gone. Flowers appear on the earth; the season of singing has come, the cooing of doves is heard in our land. The fig tree forms its early fruit; the blossoming vines spread their fragrance. Arise, come, my darling; my beautiful one, come with me."

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>When Jesus comes again what will happen to the land? (Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 36:33-36)

* Isaiah 51:3 "The LORD will surely comfort Zion and will look with compassion on all her ruins; he will make her deserts like Eden, her wastelands like the garden of the LORD. Joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the sound of singing."

* Ezekiel 36:33-36 "'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: On the day I cleanse you from all your sins, I will resettle your towns, and the ruins will be rebuilt. The desolate land will be cultivated instead of lying desolate in the sight of all who pass through it. They will say, "This land that was laid waste has become like the garden of Eden; the cities that were lying in ruins, desolate and destroyed, are now fortified and inhabited." Then the nations around you that remain will know that I the LORD have rebuilt what was destroyed and have replanted what was desolate. I the LORD have spoken, and I will do it.'"

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>5. What does the bridegroom long to hear? (14-15)

* Song of Songs 2:14-15 "My dove in the clefts of the rock, in the hiding places on the mountainside, show me your face, let me hear your voice; for your voice is sweet, and your face is lovely. Catch for us the foxes, the little foxes that ruin the vineyards, our vineyards that are in bloom."

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>How does this stress the importance of prayer with our lover? (Ephesians 6:18; Revelation 5:8, 8:3-4)

* Ephesians 6:18 "And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the saints."

* Revelation 5:8 "And when he had taken it, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb. Each one had a harp and they were holding golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints."

* Revelation 8:3-4 "Another angel, who had a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given much incense to offer, with the prayers of all the saints, on the golden altar before the throne. The smoke of the incense, together with the prayers of the saints, went up before God from the angel's hand."

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II. Beloved (2:16-3:5)

>6. When the bridegroom comes for his lover what will happen? (16-17)

* Song of Songs 2:16-17 "My lover is mine and I am his; he browses among the lilies. Until the day breaks and the shadows flee, turn, my lover, and be like a gazelle or like a young stag on the rugged hills."

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>How is this like Jesus' second coming? (Isaiah 24:21-23)

* Isaiah 24:21-23 "In that day the LORD will punish the powers in the heavens above and the kings on the earth below. They will be herded together like prisoners bound in a dungeon; they will be shut up in prison and be punished after many days. The moon will be abashed, the sun ashamed; for the LORD Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders, gloriously."

* Revelation 22:5 "There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever."

* Matthew 24:30-31 "At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other."

* Mark 13:26 is like Matthew 24:30-31.

* Luke 21:27-28 "At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. When these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near."

* Matthew 26:64 "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."

* Mark 14:62 is like Matthew 26:64.

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>7. When the bridegroom is away what consumes that brides thoughts? (1-3)

* Song of Songs 3:1-3 "All night long on my bed I looked for the one my heart loves; I looked for him but did not find him. I will get up now and go about the city, through its streets and squares; I will search for the one my heart loves. So I looked for him but did not find him. The watchmen found me as they made their rounds in the city. "Have you seen the one my heart loves?"

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>Is this like us? (Hebrews 12:2)

* Hebrews 12:2 "Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God."

* Psalm 1:1-2 "Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked or stand in the way of sinners or sit in the seat of mockers. But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night."

* Psalm 88:1-2 "O LORD, the God who saves me, day and night I cry out before you. May my prayer come before you; turn your ear to my cry."

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>Did the bridegroom find her lover?

* Song of Songs 3:4 "Scarcely had I passed them when I found the one my heart loves. I held him and would not let him go till I had brought him to my mother's house, to the room of the one who conceived me."

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>8. What does the bride charge her maidens to keep?

* Song of Songs 3:5 "Daughters of Jerusalem, I charge you by the gazelles and by the does of the field: Do not arouse or awaken love until it so desires."

* "Daughters of Jerusalem" -The maidens who are with the bride. They are to ensure her virginity until the time of the marriage. They are the "friends" in this book. They were always with her until the marriage ceremony is consummated.

* This phrase is repeated in 2:7, 3:5, and 8:4. Because of this commentators call these breaks in the meetings, while not being breaks in the brides words. This is always spoken by the beloved and always in a context of physical intimacy with her lover.

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