Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two
Comments for Study 20
Memory Verse: 2
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I. The Harvest is Plentiful (1-3)
>1. Why did Jesus send out the seventy-two?
* Luke 10:1 "After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go."
* Luke begins recording many events unique to his gospel. This unique record started in Luke 9:51 (or Luke 10:1) and continues to Luke 18:14 (i.e., the sending of the seventy-two in Luke 10:1-23, a unique visit to Martha and Mary's house in Luke 10:38-42, ten healed of leprosy in Luke 17:11-19). Much in these eight plus chapters are parables unique to Luke's gospel. (See a chart comparing Jesus' parables by using the link above.) Luke 18:15, Matthew 19:13, and Mark 10:13 record the same event, people bringing little children to Jesus. The events only recorded in Luke's mid-chapters seems to document events that happened during Jesus' trip to Jerusalem for the Feast of Dedication (winter) as John 10:22 records. Jesus was crucified during the Feast of Passover (spring). If these facts are true then its possible that Luke 17:11 or possibly Luke 18:31 documents the start of Jesus' final trip to Jerusalem. (See chart to the right.)
* "After this" -Luke does not say how long after though we can assume it wasn't to long after.
* "the Lord" -The original Greek here is "Kyrios". More on the significance of Luke's use of this word for Jesus is important. The Greek word "Kyrios" is also used in the Septuagint (third century B.C. Greek translation of the Old Testament) for the Lord God, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob throughout Israel's history.
* "appointed seventy-two others" -They had been disciples, not Jesus was going to raise their position and mission. The end of the previous chapter gives a glimpse of the standard way a person became a disciples in the first century. A person, usually a young man would approach a teacher (rabbi in Hebrew) and ask for permission to follow (live with) them. Jesus had previously elevated twelve of his disciples and called them apostles. (Luke 6:13, 9:1-9) Now Jesus is elevating the status of seventy-two more. Jesus is the one who appoints someone for a mission.
* "sent" -The original Greek word is "apostello" the same word used for the original twelve apostles. We can assume that these are apostles in the same sence as the first twelve. The rest of the New Testament uses this word as a title for disciples other than the twelve, perhaps indicating that they were among these seventy-two.
* "sent them" -Jesus sends, not a person or group of persons. A leader or congregation does not sent until God sets them apart. (Acts 13:2)
* "seventy-two" -Some manuscripts have seventy. Either there was seventy-two paired up or seventy sent two by two. Genesis 10 records a list of seventy names (the Septuagint records seventy-two) when referring to the nations of the world. Numbers 11:16-30 records the Lord appointing seventy men in front of the tent of meeting and two more in the camp with the gift of prophecy. Because of the seventy with Moses the Sanhedrin contained seventy elders.
>Why two by two? (Compare this with the event in 9:1-9)
* Luke 9:1-6 "When Jesus had called the Twelve together, he gave them power and authority to drive out all demons and to cure diseases, and he sent them out to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick. He told them: "Take nothing for the journey--no staff, no bag, no bread, no money, no extra tunic. Whatever house you enter, stay there until you leave that town. If people do not welcome you, shake the dust off your feet when you leave their town, as a testimony against them." So they set out and went from village to village, preaching the gospel and healing people everywhere."
* Mark 6:7-11 "Calling the Twelve to him, he sent them out two by two and gave them authority over evil spirits. These were his instructions: "Take nothing for the journey except a staff--no bread, no bag, no money in your belts. Wear sandals but not an extra tunic. Whenever you enter a house, stay there until you leave that town. And if any place will not welcome you or listen to you, shake the dust off your feet when you leave, as a testimony against them."
* "two by two" -Ecc. 4:10 "If one falls down, his friend can help him up. But pity the man who falls and has no one to help him up!"
* They would learn to work together and depend on each other.
* They would learn to support and encourage each other.
* They would learn to help each other as they served God and his kingdom.
>2. How did Jesus view the sin-sick world into which he was sending the seventy-two?
* Luke 10:2 "He told them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into his harvest field."
* "The harvest is plentiful" -Jesus had often considered himself a farmer scattering seeds. The seeds was the word he preached and the field is the world. (Luke 8:5-8, 11-15; John 4:35-38) Jesus here sees that the words he had been preaching for over two years were growing and ready for harvesting. Jesus said in John 4:35, "...open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest," when earlier a whole town of Samaritans were going to Jesus because of the testimony of the Samaritan woman who had talked to Jesus at the well. Jesus was sending the seventy-two as workers in his field to harvest. Jesus' desire it to harvest it all for he was heading to the cross and the age would end and a new age would begin. There were many who need harvesting, many who are not in Christ's harvest. Harvesting is gathering seed from plants for future use. Another harvest is coming soon, when Jesus comes again. (Matthew 13:30,39, 21:34,41; Luke 20:10) Now is the time to plant seeds so that plants can be harvested when Jesus comes again. (Galatians 6:9; James 3:18; Revelation 14:15-16)
* "workers are few" -Few people decide that they want to be Jesus' disciples. Jesus' disciples are called to work in his field. Many do not accept their mission. Jesus had few workers to send out into Samaria and Judea as he traveled to Jerusalem then. Now too there are few workers.
* Jesus is revealing a sense of urgency. Jesus taught, "As long as it is day, we must do the work of him who sent me. Night is coming, when no one can work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world." (John 9:4-5)
* What are you? Are you a worker in Jesus' field? Are you a watcher, just standing in the field doing nothing? Do you ignore Jesus' world mission call to work in the field? Are you planting, watering, and weeding the fields? Or are you eating the seeds?
* Jesus said, "Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you." (John 20:21)
* The engraving to the right is by Weigel, Christoph (1654-1725). Jesus instructs the seventy-two before sending them out two by two. The background shows Satan falling from heaven and the names of the disciples being written in heaven by an angel. The disciples trample a snake with their bare feet. Courtesy of the Digital Image Archive, Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University: http://www.pitts.emory.edu.
>What prayer topic did he teach them?
* "Ask" -Prayer sends out workers.
* "the Lord of the harvest" -God is Lord of the harvest.
* "to send out workers" -The interest of Jesus' congregation is praying for, preparing, and sending out workers, not generating a vast amount people who attend a congregation solely to put money in the church coffer. Why is it that more messages are on the blessed life of tithing instead of sending out workers? Yes, tithing is important, money is talked about a lot in the Bible, and modern mission require financial backing. There is nothing wrong on preaching on the subject. What I'm asking is why aren't congregations preaching and praying about sending out workers into the field as much as tithing?
* "into his harvest field." -The world belongs to God.
>What imperative command did he give them even though he knew the risks involved?
* Luke 10:3 "Go! I am sending you out like lambs among wolves."
* The simile points both to danger and to helplessness. We should make the best of our kingdom work even though risks surround us.
* "like lambs" -Lambs are weak and helpless and not very smart. Yet these are the type of people Jesus sends out. We are his lambs. Live like a lamb, not like a wolf. Jesus came as the lamb of God and so we too are lambs.
* "among wolves" -Wolves were amongst those they were to preach the good news to. God can change a wolf into a lamb. So do not be afraid of wolves. Rather pray for them and tell them the good news.
* Throughout my long mission life I have encountered wolves who were very vicious towards me. They were in every congregation that I was a part of, in every work place, in every class, on every trip, and everywhere I went. Do not be surprised when family member and friends turn out to be wolves.
>What can we learn about Jesus' mind and mission? (Matt. 18:14)
* Matthew 18:14 "In the same way your Father in heaven is not willing that any of these little ones should be lost."
* Jesus' mind is for everyone to hear the good news.
* Jesus sends his disciples which includes you and me into the world so that others may hear the word. Why are you here in this world of sin and not in heaven? Jesus has a mission for you and me.
* Even though Jesus' suffering and death was near he was concerned for others, working hard and planning for their salvation.
* Jesus not only preach the word, but raised up others to do the same.
* Jesus wants us to obtain and gain seeds in his fields.
* We should pray and work for the next generation of gospel workers.
* When we are in Jesus' kingdom we will always be his in love, power, and glory.
II. And Tell Them, "The Kingdom of God is Near" (4-16)
>3. What instructions did Jesus give about equipment? (4)
* Luke 10:4 "Do not take a purse or bag or sandals; and do not greet anyone on the road."
* "a purse" -A purses purpose is to hold money. A purse in Jesus' day consisted of a strip of leather or cloth that money was placed it. The strip was then folded over several times and tied around the waist. The outer garment was often tucked over and around it.
* "a bag" -A bag was a flexible container made of animal skins that held money and/or at least a day's supplies.
* "sandals" -Sandals were cheap compared to other pieces of clothing in Jesus' day. Strips of leather were held under the sole with straps of leather that would rap around the ankle. An extra pair was uses as back up to the ones the traveling wore. It was wise to have a back up because they quickly wore out. The time needed to find an extra pair of this inexpensive piece of clothing would normally be a hassle when traveling.
* "do not greet anyone on the road" -Eastern salutations were and still are elaborate and time-consuming. They were to hurry.
* The Jewish religious leaders had rules for every aspect of life in Jesus' day including who to greet and when. Common courtesy in throughout the Mediterranean was to great people as one walked about. Apparently, the Jewish leaders decided it would be best to set laws concerning greeting. Jesus here is setting a law for these disciples because of the need for urgency. From it we receive a principle of conduct on urgent kingdom missions.
* Jesus was sure with his words with everyone he talked with. His heart was to establish a love relationship with others. Everyone has different needs in order to establish a relationship with God. We should seek to love God and love others with our words. Remember sometimes Jesus rebuked sin. I am amazed at Jesus' ability to say the right thing at the right time to everyone he meet.
* Shown to the right are sandal soles of the "soleae" style. Intact sandals of this type, dating from different centuries, were found at Masada and in the Cave of Letters, all in the Dead Sea region.
These soles are made of three layers of leather secured with leather bindings. Through slits situated near the heel, tabs entered the upper sole. The upper part of each tab was pierced by two vertical slits through which the main strap was threaded. The two ends of the main strap were then threaded into a slit on the upper part of the sandal, near the toe, where they were tied, holding the foot onto the sole.
>Why do you think he wanted them to travel light?
* The more baggage the more we are bogged down and the slower we move. Jesus was on a tight schedule. He had to be in Jerusalem from the feasts, especially Passover. There were still many people to preach the gospel to. By sending out the seventy-two to prepare their way, Jesus would be able to reach many more.
* Light loads makes it easy to move anytime.
* Light loads means we depend on God to provide our needs.
* When we give unselfishly we must depend on God to provide our needs.
>4. What was to be their greeting to potential believers? (5-7)
* Luke 10:5-7 "When you enter a house, first say, 'Peace to this house.' If a man of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; if not, it will return to you. Stay in that house, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages. Do not move around from house to house."
* "When you enter a house" -The disciples were not to exclude themselves from society. Jesus prayed during the last supper, "My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth. As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world." (John 17:15-18)
* "Peace to this house." -The original Greek is "eirene" meaning "peace and quietness" and by implication prosperity.
* Purpose peace on others.
* "If a man of peace is there" -We never know about a stranger's heart. I've move to different states twice now. Not knowing anyone doesn't mean a disciples should be afraid to reach out to people. Going to the Samaritans would have been stepping outside of Jewish culture to people who may potentially be hostel. Still the disciples were to enter their homes, not knowing how it would turn out.
* "your peace will rest on him" -Peace is ultimately from God. The peace Jesus speaks of is not the absence of war, but the peace of soul. A relationship with Jesus brings peace of soul. Jesus told his disciples during the last supper, "Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid." (John 14:27)
* "it will return to you" -Teaching and preaching the gospel always has a positive effect. For the hearer it depends on how they respond; for the speaker it depends on the attitude and faith. Our words of peace are not a magic spell that will change an ungracefully man suddenly into a man of peace. But if he is already a man open to a peaceful way he will receive the gospel and be blessed. Whatever a hearers response God's peace will always fall on the speaker.
* Hospitality to travelers was an important virtue in Mediterranean antiquity. Violence is so common that most modern people are fearful of strangers. Not so with some of Jesus' disciples. When I started a contract job in Pennsylvania an elder couple who believes in Jesus allowed me to stay in their spare bedroom for over a week until I found an apartment.
* "Stay in that house... Do not move around from house to house." -When word spread through the town that strangers had arrived and were preaching a new message some would seek them out. If they were to move about, they would not be easily found. Also, going to a new house each day would mean large events that would slow them down. They were to move onto the next town as fast as possible. Urgency is again implied.
* "eating and drinking whatever they give you" -Jesus repeated this in verse 8. The Law contained restrictions on diet. Keeping these laws in Gentile territory would restrict some foods common to the area. This would have two ill effects. First, it would make it hard to find food to eat. Second, it would be offensive to the Gentiles. Jesus is here lifting all the laws concerning diet. All foods are clean now. (Mark 7:19, Romans 14:19-21)
* "for the worker deserves his wages." -The Old Testament law provided for provisions for the Levites, Israel's spiritual workers to receive wages. With these words Jesus provides gospel workers in the New Testament age financial support. Paul repeats them. (1 Corinthians 12:26; and 1 Titus 5:18) Thus, I am not ashamed to ask for donations on my site. Importance must be noted in the words, "his wages" meaning not to much so that they become richer than those who provide for their needs.
* Other people should be more important than personal comfort and pleasure.
* Humanly we shouldn't be a burden to others. (1 Corinthians 8:13)
* The general principle Jesus sets here for evangelists and missionaries can also apply to changing from serving in one ministry to another. Adjust quickly to the new ministry you may be entering and make yourself available to service as is needed for the general good of others even at personal sacrifice.
>5. What was their ministry? (8-9)
* Luke 10:8-9 "When you enter a town and are welcomed, eat what is set before you. Heal the sick who are there and tell them, 'The kingdom of God is near you.'"
* "Heal the sick who are there" -Healing ministry can include emotional, physically, and spiritually in Jesus' name. Healing ministry should always point to Jesus. Doing kind acts must be done in Jesus' name for the ultimate healing is the relationship between God and us.
* "and tell them" -Some today say, "My witness is in my actions," making a reason why they don't speak about the joy of life in Christ. Jesus instructions us to be active with all parts of our body for the gospel including our tongues.
* Wherever Jesus' disciples are there are missions of charity and the gospel is preached.
>What was their message?
* "The kingdom of God is near you." -For the seventy-two the meaning of this was that Jesus, the king was going to soon enter the town they were in or in a town nearby theirs.
* Gospel is Greek meaning good news. The message of the kingdom of God is good news for everyone. Jesus gave us the message.
* The time of opportunity is at no better for the town then when a pair of gospel workers enter. Opportunities are not common and thus must be acted on when they arrive.
>What should this mean to us?
* Jesus sends his disciples into and throughout the world to heal the sick and preach the good news of the kingdom of God. The message of the kingdom of God should be apart of any ministry.
* Jesus' true disciples are the only ones who can witness to the truth.
* Jesus gave all of us a great commission, to share the gospel to the whole world. The ministry God gives me will be focused on the kingdom of God.
* The kingdom of God is one of the subjects of the manuscript "The Believers Future - Hope that Inspires" also found on this web site.
* Jesus is always near.
* Our mission is to preach the message of the kingdom of God. Our mission is not to convert people. The Holy Spirit converts. The gospel message should first be preached in a positive way. However, if rejected it can also be preached as a warning as a rebuke.
>6. In case of rejection, how were they to act and what were they to say?
* Luke 10:10-11 "But when you enter a town and are not welcomed, go into its streets and say, 'Even the dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God is near.'"
* "But when you enter a town and are not welcomed" -Not everyone will welcome Jesus' disciples. If not everyone welcomed Jesus, then not everyone will welcome his disciples. We should not be discouraged or surprised.
* "go into its streets and say" -We should not hide the consequences of rejecting the gospel. If we make it clear that we are speaking the gospel and we are rejected we should not be afraid or ashamed to tell the audience the consequences of their rejection. We should not seek revenge, get angry, or be mean when we do this.
* "Even the dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you." -The practical display was known sometimes practiced in the Middle East in Jesus' day.
* The disciples and we are not to despair, be angry, or be surprised.
* Rejecting the message of the kingdom God will not stop the message of the kingdom of God.
* If someone doesn't accept the gospel at first we are to be creative and change the way the message is delivered in hopes that they will change their mind and heart. A fire and brimstone message can also lead someone to accept the gospel.
>What does the message "the Kingdom of God is near," mean to those who reject the gospel? (12)
* Luke 10:12 "I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town."
* "Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God is near.'" -For those who reject the gospel they will see the kingdom of God and not enter it. When Jesus comes and when he judges they will be excluded.
* "I tell you" -We should not be afraid to verbally state the consequences of rejecting the message of the kingdom of God.
* "it will be more bearable on that day for" -Jesus is speaking about when he comes again to establish his kingdom on this earth. At the end of this age Jesus will judge each person according to their response to the gospel.
* "in that day" -The original Greek words are "en ekeinos hemera". "En" is a primary preposition denoting a fixed position of time, place, and/or order. "Ekeinos" denotes one unique item. "Hemera" has the meaning age, day, and judgment. Hermera is used more with the light part of a twenty-four (24) hour day. Jesus speaks of the end of this age, the whole period beginning with Christ's first coming (more precisely his ascension) to his second. The day he comes is "that day", the last day of this age. (Acts 2:17, and 2 Timothy 3:1, Hebrews 1:2, and 1 Peter 1:20)
Those listening to Jesus here understood this to be the "last" of the days because neither former prophecy nor new revelation concerning the history of salvation indicated the coming of another era before the return of Christ. The Apostles and the prophets call it the "last". The word "last" in "last days," "last times" and "last hour" also expresses a sense of urgency and imminence. I as a Christian am to be alert, waiting for the return of Christ. (Matthew 25:1-3) Last day also refers back to the six days of creation and the one day of rest. We are now at the last hour of the sixth day. The next day, the Sabbath rest, starts when Jesus comes again.
* The Old Testament prophets often spoke of "The day of the Lord" as the time when God reveals His sovereignty over human powers and human existence. For example "The day of the Lord" is the dominant theme of Joel. Besides Joel six other Old Testament prophets (Isaiah 13:6,9; Ezekiel 13:5, 30:3; Amos 5:18,20; Obadiah 1:15; Zephaniah 1:7,14; Malachi 4:5; perhaps Zechariah 14:1 too) uses the term "the day of the Lord". Sometimes the prophets of Israel and Judah abbreviated it to "that day". It was familiar to their audience, a term by which the audience expected light and salvation (Amos 5:18), but the prophets painted it as a day of darkness and judgment (Isaiah 2:10-22; 13:6,9; Joel 1:15; 2:1-11,31; 3:14-15; Amos 5:20; Zephaniah 1:7-8,14-18; Malachi 4:5). The Old Testament language of the day of the Lord is aimed at warning sinners among God's people of the danger of trusting in traditional religion without commitment to God and to His way of life. It is language that could be aimed at judging Israel or that could be used to promise deliverance from evil enemies (Isaiah 13:6,9; Ezekiel 30:3; Obadiah 15). The day of the Lord is thus a point in time in which God displays His sovereign initiative to reveal His control of history, of time, of His people, and of all people.
* The apostles Peter and Paul also used the term "day of the Lord" (in place of "Lord" they also put "God" and "Lord Jesus"). (Acts 2:20; and 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5; and 2 Corinthians 1:14; and 1 Thessalonians 5:2; and 2 Thessalonians 2:2; and 2 Peter 3:10-12)
* The apostles used the terms "last times" and "last days" referring to the whole period introduced by Jesus' first coming. (John 11:24; Jude 1:17-18; Acts 15:16-18; Hebrews 9:36; and 2 Peter 3:3) These days are last in comparison to Old Testament days, which were preliminary and preparatory. (Romans 16:25-26; Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:26) Also, the Christian era is the time of the beginnings of prophetic fulfillment. (1 Corinthians 10:11) The "days" can be interpreted as "ages" (Matthew 12:39, 13:39-40, 49, 24:3, 28:20; Ephesians 1:21, 2:7; and 1 Timothy 6:19; Titus 2:12; Jude 1:25) (periods of time) that reflect the six days of creation with the seventh day as a day of rest. Indeed the apostles very clearly call the one thousand year reign of Jesus as "the Lord's Sabbath" and "the day of rest". (Hebrews 4:1-11, 6:5; Revelation 14:13) Jesus himself invited us to his day of rest (Matthew 11:19; Luke 18:30, 20:34-36) and to work now and rest in the future (John 9:4). Since this is the time just before the Sabbath rest, then we are in the sixth day, the time when man and woman (Adam and Eve) were created. The Lord God Almighty is called the "King of the ages". (Revelation 15:3)
* Blackstone wrote in his book Jesus is Coming “The division of time into sevens, or weeks, permeates the Scriptures. A fundamental enactment of the Mosaic Law was the keeping of the Sabbath (Ex. 20:8). This was based upon God's great rest day in Genesis 2. Upon this is founded not only the week of days, but also the week of weeks leading to Pentecost (Lev. 23:15-16); the week of months, with the Atonement and seven days feast of Tabernacles in the seventh month (Lev. 23:27-28); the week of years, ending with the Sabbatic year (Lev. 25:4); and the week of weeks of years, ending with the seventh Sabbatic year, and followed by the year of Jubilee (Lev. 25:8-12).” He continues with more and quotes 2 Peter 3:8 then continues, “…so we also have the great week of Millenniums. Six thousand-year days of labor and then the Millennium, or blessed seventh thousand-year of rest.” He is not the first to see the significance.
* "Sodom" -To the Jews, Sodom was an ancient lost city of great sin. Because of its sin, God judged Sodom in Abraham's time with fire and brim stone. Genesis 13:13 says, "Now the men of Sodom were wicked and were sinning greatly against the Lord." Isaiah 3:9 says, "The look on their faces testifies against them; they parade their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to them! They have brought disaster upon themselves." Jeremiah 23:14 says, "And among the prophets of Jerusalem I have seen something horrible: They commit adultery and live a lie. They strengthen the hands of evildoers, so that no one turns from his wickedness. They are all like Sodom to me; the people of Jerusalem are like Gomorrah." And there are many more such verses. All such case refer to the great sin of Sodom. Thus, those who reject Jesus as their Savior and Lord after the gospel has been preached to them are in for an unbearable time during judgement.
* "than for that town" -The day of judgement is real. One day Jesus will come and judge the earth. All men and women's lives on this earth will be judged. But not all judgements will be the same. Some will be more bearable than others. Why? Because some peoples sin was greater than others. Thus they will be more ashamed.
* Matthew 11:20-24 also records Jesus denouncing cities where he preached the gospel the most. Matthew gives the following commentary, "Then Jesus began to denounce the cities in which most of his miracles had been performed, because they did not repent." (Matthew 11:20)
>7. How were Tyre and Sidon different from Korazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum?
* Luke 10:13-15 "Woe to you, Korazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you. And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to the skies? No, you will go down to the depths."
* "Woe" -Woe means deep sorrow according to the Websters dictionary. In the Bible woe means more than that. Woe is an expression of sorrow because of known trouble, misfortune and destruction to come because one has not obeyed and/or accepted God and his word.
* "Korazin" -also spelled "Chorazin". This was a city less than five miles north of the Sea of Galilee. It's neighbor, Capernaum, was south of Korazin and was on shore of the Sea of Galilee. Korazin was on the eastern edge of the Plain of Gennesaret. Jesus' base was in Capernaum. Since Korazin was so close to Capernaum Jesus must have visited Korazin a lot. Jesus definitely would have went through Chorazin on his way to Tyre. Korazin is a possible sight of the Sermon of the Mount. Korazin has been excavated in modern times. It is a site were many Jews lived in Jesus' time. Korazin was considered a part of the promised land by God as said to Moses and was in the land of the Kingdom of David.
* "Bethsaida" -Bethsaida was on the northern shore of the see of Galilee. Bethsaida's neighbor, Capernaum was less than five miles to the west. Bethsaida was on the southern edge of the Plains of Bethsaida. Bethsaida is a possible sight of the feeding of the multitudes. Mark 8:22-26 says that Jesus healed a blind man in this city and Matthew 14:22-23 says that Jesus walked on water at this sight. It is a sight were many Jews lived in Jesus' time. Bethsaida was considered a part of the promised land by God as said to Moses and was in the land of the Kingdom of David.
At least three of Jesus' disciples were from Bethsaida. This was not enough repentance to justify saving Bethsaida from Jesus denouncement and God's eventual wrath. Just as in Abraham's day, Lot the righteous man, was not enough to save Sodom from destruction.
* "For if the miracles that were performed" -Jesus did not denounce first. First Jesus performed miracles. But not only that, but from the gospels it is learned that he also taught extensively in those cities as well. We humans often condemn and give out harsh words before we try softer means of winning souls to wisdom.
* "And you, Capernaum" -Jesus had made Capernaum the center of his Galilean ministry. They had seen more miracles and heard Jesus preach more than any other city.
>Why would judgement on these later cities be greater?
* "But it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you." -When Jesus comes again his people will be separated from those who rejected him. Those who rejected him will bear the brunt of their rejection. Guilt, shame, and self repugnance will be their lot, some more than others depending on how often and revealing the message of the kingdom was preached.
* "Tyre" -Tyre was a land of the Gentiles. It was on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Sidon was less than twenty miles to the north. Jesus visited it according to Matthew 15:21-28.
* "Sidon" -Sidon was a land of the Gentiles. It was on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Tyre was less than twenty miles to the south. Jesus possibly visited it when he visited Tyre in Matthew 15:21-28.
* "they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes" -The act of repenting is often misunderstood in these days and age. According to Today's Dictionary of the Bible "there are two Greek words used in the New Testament to denote repentance. (1) The verb 'metamelomai' is used of a change of mind, such as to produce regret or even remorse on account of sin, but not necessarily a change of heart. This word is used with reference to the repentance of Judas. (2) 'Metanoeo' meaning to change one's mind and purpose, as the result of after knowledge. This verb, and the cognate noun 'metanaia' are used of true repentance -a change of mind and purpose and life, to which remission of sin is promised.
Evangelical repentance consists of (1) a true sense of one's own guilt and sinfulness; (2) an apprehension of God's mercy in Christ; (3) an actual hatred of sin and turning from it to God; and (4) a persistent endeavour after a holy life in a walking with God in the way of his commandments."
Jesus meant the latter, hence the words "sackcloth and ashes".
* "at the judgment" -Again referring to when he comes again, the end of this age. Jesus is not referring to the white throne judgement at the end of his one thousand year reign.
* "will you be lifted up to the skies?" -When Jesus comes again the dead in him will arise and meet him in the atmosphere of the earth. Jesus will be descending and we will ascend to join his decent.
* "No, you will go down to the depths." -The original Greek for "will go down" is "katabibazo" meaning "thrust down against ones will". "To" is "heos", a conjunction, preposition and adverb translated everywhere as "to" while implying "till" or "until". "Depths" in Greek here is "hades" meaning "hell" and "grave". The word picture that forms is that when Jesus comes again those who rejected him and those who preached his message will be forced out of earth to a place where they do not want to go, a place a torment until the final judgement at the white throne.
Hell (Hades) is often described as an eternal fire in the Bible. Hell is not a fun place. Hell is so much more miserable than our darkest concept of it. Jesus taught that hell is a real place, an unpleasant place. Holman Bible Dictionary states, "The abode of the dead especially as a place of eternal punishment for unbelievers. Hell is an Anglo-Saxon word used to translate one Hebrew word and three Greek words in the King James Version of the Old and New Testaments. The Hebrew word that hell translated was Sheol. The word Sheol occurs sixty-five times in the Hebrew Bible. The King James Version translates thirty-one of the occurrences as hell; another thirty-one occurrences as grave; and three occurrences as “pit” (Numbers 16:30,33; Job 17:16). The Revised Standard Version never uses hell to translate Sheol. It does use grave one time as a translation of Sheol (Song of Solomon 8:6). Sixty-four times it simply transliterates the word as Sheol. NAS always uses Sheol, while NIV intentionally avoids Sheol, using grave." Jesus quoted Isaiah 66:24 when describing hell saying, "where 'their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.' Everyone will be salted with fire." (Mark 9:48)
>Why is it so serious to reject the servant whom the Lord sends? (16)
* Luke 10:16 "He who listens to you listens to me; he who rejects you rejects me; but he who rejects me rejects him who sent me."
* "He who listens to you listens to me"
* "he who rejects you rejects me"
* "he who rejects me rejects him who sent me"
* Jesus' words are similar to the Lord's promise to Abraham, "I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse." (Genesis 12:3) And Isaac's blessing to Jacob. (Genesis 27:29)
III. Rejoice That Your Names are Written in Heaven (17-24)
>8. Why were the seventy-two so joyful upon their return?
* Luke 10:17 "The seventy-two returned with joy and said, "Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name."
* "The seventy-two returned with joy" -When Jesus gives us a mission, when we eventually see the fruits of our labor we are filled with joy.
* "Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name." -They were happy that they had power over fallen angels (demons).
* "demons" -The original Greek is "daimonion" translated by the NIV as "demons" and the KJV as "devils" and one time as "god" meaning an idol. The Greek word is found sixty times in the Bible. The Bible teaches of angels and fallen angels. Fallen angels rebelled against God and are now deformed and corrupted. Their destruction is foretold by God through his prophets and is thus sure. The results of the ministry of the seventy-two foreshadow their weakness and eventual failure. (Luke 10:17-19)
* "in your name" -They accredited their success to Jesus.
* They did not complain about not having brought food, clothings, or extra shoes.
>What did Jesus teach them about the source of their power?
* Luke 10:18-19 "He replied, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. I have given you authority to trample on snakes and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy; nothing will harm you."
* "I saw" -Jesus was not with them, but he still saw the effects of their ministry.
* "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven." -Most likely Jesus was saying because the gospel was preached by those he sent Satan left heaven to try to stop his kingdom from being plundered. Satan experienced defeat. There is also a slight possibility that Jesus is referring to when Satan was cast out of heaven because of pride, and thus warning his disciples of the destructive nature of pride.
* "I have given you authority to trample on snakes and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy"
* "nothing will harm you" -They were like lambs, but because of Jesus they were protected and had power.
* Casting out demons, as Judas must have also done, does not guarantee we are in God's family.
>About the real reason for rejoicing?
* Luke 10:20 "However, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven."
* "However" -All that Jesus just said was true. He confirmed that what they had experienced was not only real, but authorized by God and he. Yet his, "HOWEVER", tells us that their response to the authority was wrong. Also, they had done good, and yet Jesus had more instructions for them. Their learning was not finished.
* "do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you" -Don't take pride in spiritual power and authority. We should not brag about spiritual gifts.
* "but rejoice that your names are written in heaven" -We are in God's family. This should be the cause of joy for every believer in Jesus. Are you not experiencing joy? Then consider how you are a child a God and all that this entitles us to. You have access to the very thrown room of God. During the war between the north and the south in the United States a union soldier had gotten news that his father and only brother had died. He asked for permission to leave his battalion to plant the spring crops. His commanding officer sent him to President Lincoln in Washington DC. He arrived only to be turned back by soldiers guarding the White House. He left, sat on a bench and began to sob. A young boy noticed him and asked him why he was crying. The soldier explained that he was only only male left in his family who could plant crops. The boy said, "I can help you." He took the soldiers hand and lead him past the guards without questions. They enter the White House and passed majors and generals with nods and smiles. They entered the room where President Lincoln was talking to his cabinet. The president asked his son, "Hello Todd. Who is your friend new friend?" The president's son introduced the soldier whose hand he had. After hearing the soldiers situation the president granted his request. The children always have unquestioned, unlimited, and unfiltered access to their father any time.
* We should not find joy with human recognition.
>9. Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem to be crucified. How could he be so joyful?
* Luke 10:21 "At that time Jesus, full of joy through the Holy Spirit, said, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your good pleasure."
* "At that time Jesus" -Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem with a tight schedule so much so that he sent the seventy-two out. He praised God in words and action.
* "full of joy through the Holy Spirit" -
* "I praise you" -The Holy Spirit and Jesus praise the Father. Being filled with the Spirit involves being one with God, and provokes praise to God and not man or anything else.
* "Father, Lord of heaven and earth"
>What was his thanksgiving topic?
* "because you have hidden" -God hid them. God controls revelations, not man nor spirits. Hours and hours of Bible study and memorization time can be spent with no inspiration. Ask God to reveal himself and his truth during Bible study.
* "these things" -What seventy-two had experienced.
* "because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned" -The religious and social leaders of Judea. God hid it from them.
* "revealed them to little children."
* "Yes, Father, for this was your good pleasure."
>How did he express his loneliness and his comfort? (22)
* Luke 10:22 "All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him."
* "All things have been committed to me by my Father."
* "No one knows who the Son is except the Father"
* "no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him."
>10. What did Jesus tell the disciples privately?
* Luke 10:23-24 "Then he turned to his disciples and said privately, "Blessed are the eyes that see what you see. For I tell you that many prophets and kings wanted to see what you see but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it."
* "Then he turned to his disciples and said privately" -The previous was said so all in the crowds that followed him could hear.
>Why were they so blessed?
* "Blessed are the eyes that see what you see. For I tell you that many prophets and kings wanted to see what you see but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it."
* "Blessed" -God's special anointing and gift.
* "wanted to see" -They knew the Messiah personally. They saw and experienced the ministry of the Messiah.
* "to hear what you hear" -Jesus taught of the Father. Jesus spoke words of truth as he revealed the kingdom of God.
>In what respect can we also be blessed people?
* Accept Jesus and the mission he gives us just as the seventy-two did.
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