Luke 23:26-56 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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Jesus Crucified Died and Buried
Comments for Study 41

Luke 23:26-56
Memory Verse: 50

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I. Jesus Was Crucified (23:26-51)

Passion Week Events

* Luke 19:28 "After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem."

* All four gospels have Jesus' entry into Jerusalem. So this is very important.

* Jesus' final entry into Jerusalem was his official announcement to Israel that he would be their king if they would accept him as such.

* A timeline of this week is as follows.
    Friday -Jesus arrives in the Jerusalem area. (John 11:54-12:1)
    Saturday (Sabbath) -a day of rest; no event recorded except Luke 21:37-38.
    Sunday -Jesus' triumphal entry. (Matt. 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-44; John 12:12-19)
    Monday -Jesus curses the fig tree (Matt. 21:18-19; Mark 11:12-14). Jesus clears out the Temple. (Matt 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-18)
    Tuesday -Jesus' authority questioned. (Matt. 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:18) Jesus teaches in the temple. (Matt. 21:28-22:46; Mark 12:1-44; Luke 20:9-21:4) Jesus wept over Jerusalem's leader's unbelief and rejecting him as thier King. (Matthew 23:1-39) Jesus anointed at Bethany. (Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 13:3-9; John 12:2-11)
    Wednesday -another day of rest; no event recorded except Luke 21:37-38. The Jews plot to kill Jesus. (Matt. 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6)
    Thursday (Hebrew month Abib the 13th day) -the Passover meal begins at twilight (see below note) when Jesus and the disciples celebrate the Last Supper. (Matt. 26:17-29; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-20; John 13:1-18) Jesus comforts the disciples (John 14:1-16:33) Jesus prays at Gethsemane. (Matt. 26:26-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46)
    Friday (Hebrew month Abib, 14 day) -According Hebrew time Jesus is arrest and tried from night to daylight. (Matt. 26:47-27:26; Mark 14:43-15:15; Luke 22:47-23:25; John 18:2-19:16) Jesus' crucifixion at 3:00pm, and death before sunset which is the end of the Hebrew day and Passover. (Matt. 27:27-56; Mark 15:16-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:17-30) Jesus is buried at sunset. (Matt. 27:57-66; mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:31-42)
    Saturday (Sabbath Abib 15, Seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread begins) Jesus' body is in the tomb. He appears in Sheol and accompanies the saints previously dead to heaven.
    Sunday (Abib 16; day of First Fruits Sheaf Wave) Jesus' morning resurrection and appearing to the women. (Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11-18) Then he appeared to the two on the road. (Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-35) Then to the ten apostles (no Thomas or Judas) in the evening. (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25)
    Saturday (Sabbath) -Jesus appears to Thomas and the rest of the apostles. (John 20:26-31)
    A week later -Jesus talks and eats with some disciples by the Sea of Galilee. (John 21:1-25)
    Fourty days since his resurrection -Jesus ascends to his Father from the Mount of Olives. (Matt. 28:15-20; Mark 18:19-20; Luke 24:44-53; Acts 1:1-11)

* Note: The Passover is linked to the 14th days of the month not the day of the week. Passover starting on Thursday at twilight is a very rare event; unusally it starts on a different day of the week. (Hebrew days start at sunset/twilight and go thru the night till the next day's sunset.) Falling on a Thursday that year made it possible for Jesus to fulfill the meaning behind the feasts associated with the Passover. His crucified was on Friday (still Passover), the Sabbath (Saturday) rest was the Feast of Unleavened Bread (always on the first Sabbath after Passover), and Sunday was the third day since his death, the day of the First Fruit Sheaf Wave, and the day that Jesus rose from the dead. All three feasts were thus fulfilled by Jesus.

>1. Why did they have to let Simon carry Jesus' cross on the way?

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>What was the women's reaction as they followed and watched Jesus carrying his cross?

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>What did Jesus teach about himself and about God's judgement to the weeping women? (28-31)

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>2. Why did they crucify Jesus between two criminals?

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>What was Jesus' prayer on the cross for those who crucified him?

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>What can you learn about Jesus through his prayer?

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>About his cross being the cross of forgiveness of sin? (John 1:29, 3:16; 1 Peter 2:24b)

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>3. What does Jesus' cross and his prayer teach us about sin?

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>About Jesus' grace?

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>How can we receive Jesus' forgiveness and be cleansed of all our unrighteousness? (1 John 1:9; Luke 11:4)

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>How can we forgive others and their sins?

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>4. How did the people surrounding Jesus' cross respond to him and his being hung on a tree: the soldiers; the people who stood watching; one of the criminals?

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>How did they reveal their spiritual ignorance? Why didn't Jesus save himself?

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>5. What request did the second criminal make of Jesus?

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>What can we learn from this man?

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>What did Jesus promise him? (39-43)

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II. Jesus Died (44-49)

>6. What happened from Hebrew time 6 to 9? (44-45)

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>What does this mean?

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>Why would the detail about the curtain be important?

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>7. In what way does Jesus' last cry indicate his victory?

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>8. How did the Roman centurion respond as he watched Jesus on the cross?

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>What had happened?

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>Why was his response and testimony significant?

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>How did the bean of light shine in this man's heart as he saw Jesus' cross?

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>What can you say about Jesus' cross that shines light upon those who are in darkness?

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III. Jesus Was Buried (50-56)

>9. Who buried Jesus? (50-51)

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>What did he boldly do? (52)

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>Why are the details of how Jesus was buried important? (53)

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>What day was it in Hebrew time? (54

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>10. Who were the witnesses to Jesus' death and burial?

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>What do you know about them?

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>What do Jesus' death and burial mean to us?

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